FedDis: Disentangled Federated Learning for Unsupervised Brain Pathology Segmentation


In recent years, data-driven machine learning (ML) methods have revolutionized the computer vision community by providing novel efficient solutions to many unsolved (medical) image analysis problems.However, due to the increasing privacy concerns and data fragmentation on many different sites, existing medical data are not fully utilised,thus limiting the potential of ML. Federated learning (FL) enables multiple parties to collaboratively train a ML model without exchanging lo-cal data. However, data heterogeneity (non-IID) among the distributed clients is yet a challenge. To this end, we propose a novel federated method, denotedFederated Disentanglement(FedDis), to disentangle the parameter space into shape and appearance, and only share the shape parameter with the clients. FedDis is based on the assumption that the anatomical structure in brain MRI images is similar across multiple institutions, and sharing the shape knowledge would be beneficial in anomaly detection. In this paper, we leverage healthy brain scans of 623 subjects from multiple sites with real data (OASIS, ADNI) in a privacy-preserving fashion to learn a model of normal anatomy, that allows to segment abnormal structures. We demonstrate a superior performance of FedDis on real pathological databases containing 109 subjects; two publicly available MS Lesions (MSLUB, MSISBI), and an in-house database with MS and Glioblastoma (MSI and GBI).FedDis achieved an aver-age dice performance of 0.38, outperforming the state-of-the-art (SOTA) auto-encoder by 42% and the SOTA federated method by 11%. Further,we illustrate that FedDis learns a shape embedding that is orthogonal to the appearance and consistent under different intensity augmentations

In arxiv
Cosmin I. Bercea
Cosmin I. Bercea
Doctoral Researcher

My research is focused on interpretable machine learning for anomaly detection.